Capitol Hill is producing more drama than Hollywood and not in a good way, but I guess this is what we’ve come to expect over the years.
We’ve got bold statements, ultimatums, cliff-hangers, and confusing sequels. We’ve even got folks paddling up to Senators’ party boats to discuss tax reform.
Let’s recap what we know with some educated speculation about what could happen next.
Congress is currently debating two action items on President Biden’s “Build Back Better” agenda: The American Jobs Plan (which includes corporate tax increases) and the American Families Plan (which includes individual tax increases).1
Neither plan looks close to passing in its current form, so nothing is set in stone yet.
But the provisions below offer a blueprint for what could happen.
The House is negotiating a package of tax increases that would pay for expanding Medicare, free community college and prekindergarten, and increase the federal safety net.2
If passed as-is, it would:
- Increase the top marginal income tax rate to 39.6% for individuals earning more than $400,000, joint filers above $450,000, and head of household filers above $425,000.
- Raise the top long-term capital gains rate from 20% to 25% for those same folks.
- Add a 3% tax on incomes of over $5 million.
But wait… there’s more. Here are a few other key provisions that bear watching:
Retirement accounts may see new restrictions.3
Roth conversions would be eliminated for individuals earning above $400,000.
Folks in that income bracket would also be prohibited from contributing to retirement accounts with an aggregate value over $10 million the prior tax year.
Another critical change that would affect all taxpayers: The bill prohibits all employee after-tax contributions to qualified plans and prohibits after-tax IRA contributions from being converted to Roth, thus potentially eliminating backdoor Roth conversion strategies.
Estate planning may get more complicated.3
Good news first: The “step-up” in tax basis on death is staying and the “deemed realization” rule that would trigger capital gains taxes on death is not included.
However, the estate tax exemption would revert from $11.7 to $5 million.
The deal would also eliminate certain tax benefits of “grantor trusts” as well as limit valuation discounts on non-business assets.
Currently, these provisions would apply only to future trusts and transactions that happen after the effective date of the law.
How likely are all these measures to pass?
Here’s where we start speculating and putting odds on the field. To pass the American Families Plan using budget reconciliation, President Biden needs the votes from his entire party. Remember the names Joe Manchin and Kyrsten Sinema, both are fairly fiscally conservative. Progressives are committed to passing the full deal but centrists are balking at the price tag.1
To get through the Senate, it seems like both sides will meet somewhere in the middle. A lower final cost to the bill would require less revenue to cover and might allow some of the tax increases to be eliminated. Since the IRS has been targeting Roth conversions and large IRAs, it’s possible that those measures may pass.
When could the new laws go into effect?
It seems likely that most provisions would be effective on January 1, 2022 and apply going forward (not retroactively). However, separate deadlines could be negotiated for certain provisions.
Bottom line: Laws change. We adapt.
Here are the usual caveats:
We don’t know what the final bills will look like and when (or if) they will pass. Odds are it won’t be to far right or too far left based on the Senate’s composition. Taxes are just one part of your overall picture. New laws usually contain a mix of positive and negative changes for you, me, and everyone else. The long-term impact of the positives and the negatives won’t be visible for some time.
Have questions you haven’t asked me or concerns you haven’t raised? Please reach out.